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2012-05-02 06:26:03

 
Rachmaninov Piano Concerto No.2 in C minor op.18
《第二钢琴协奏曲》(c小调第二钢琴协奏曲)是俄罗斯的作曲家、指挥家及钢琴演奏家拉赫玛尼诺夫最成功的代表作之一。作品完成于1901年。这部作品明朗、真挚、完整而深刻,音乐中洋溢的热情和力量,反映了当时新兴的俄国资产阶级知识分子的精神状态,也显示了拉赫玛尼诺夫音乐创作中的浪漫主义风格,确立了他当时的影响和地位。

谢尔盖·瓦西里耶维奇·拉赫玛尼诺夫(俄文:Серге́й Васи́льевич Рахма́нинов;英文:Sergei Vassilievitch Rachmaninoff,1873年4月1日-1943年3月28日),是一位出生于俄罗斯的作曲家、指挥家及钢琴演奏家,1943年临终前入美国籍;他的作品甚富有俄国色彩,充满激情,且旋律优美,其钢琴作品更是以难度见称,纳入于不少钢琴演奏家的表演曲目中;被誉为20世纪最著名的俄罗斯作曲家、钢琴家兼指挥,俄罗斯浪漫主义传统的最后一位伟大倡导者了。

第二钢琴协奏曲的创作开始于1899年,这一年刚好是拉赫玛尼诺夫从英国回国之后,在英国期间,他被邀请演奏了自己的作品并亲自指挥演奏了他的管弦乐幻想曲《悬崖》,在此之后的一段时间里,拉氏开始构思并创作《第二钢琴协奏曲》,并在1899年到1901年这三年时间里完成了这部鸿篇巨著的写作

我们可以在此对本部作品的音乐性格、音乐思维等诸多方面先做一个综述,的确,作为音乐历史上不可忽视和不可遗忘的作曲家和作品,各种人从各种方面对这部协奏曲进行过多方面的评价,比如“拉赫玛尼诺夫综合了李斯特的强烈的钢琴风格传统以及格林卡以来的俄罗斯传统音乐中具有广泛咏唱性和质朴的情绪表现力…… ”,这段文字从音乐风格角度概括了这部协奏曲的总体风格特征,并且从一定意义上反映了拉氏在音乐上的“继承性”特征,又如“……此时正值俄国革命前夕,整个俄国正处于统治阶级的残酷统治之下,好似一座监狱,许多知识分子对现实深感不满和苦闷。拉赫玛尼诺夫的早期作品就反映了当时俄国资产阶级知识分子困惑、绝望、看不到出路的忧郁心情,同时也反映了他们对现实的不满和寻求个人精神上的寄托。在他的代表作《第二钢琴协奏曲》中,拉赫玛尼诺夫一方面以深沉的音调抒发他内心的忧郁与悲伤,另一方面也通过气势磅礴的高潮来表达他满腔的激愤 ”,这段文字从当时的社会背景以及拉氏在这一创作阶段作品的主要风格和创作特征上总结了“协奏曲”所暗含的精神气质;另有一些文论中将全曲的风格定位于“浪漫俄罗斯经典忧伤风格 ”。在笔者看来,上述对于此曲的风格特征的概括均有其可取之处,但笔者认为:除了上述对于此曲概括之外,还可以认为这是作曲家一种心理上的苦闷、悲哀的宣泄,因为音乐毕竟有暗淡、有起伏、有高潮,同时,这些有关音乐表现力上的形容词或者说用于音乐分析上的某些词汇在这里变为了一种对于音乐风格特征、音乐情绪特征的概括;同时,作曲是一个非常主观意义上行为动作,在今天我们分析这部作品当然应当站在一个历史、宏观综合的角度来进行分析,并试图从分析中获取作曲家的创作思维与意图。

全曲共分三个乐章:   

第一乐章 中板,c小调,2/2拍子,奏鸣曲形式。 开头,主奏钢琴弹出八小节像是钟声一样灰暗而沉重的和弦。 之后, 出现管弦乐的充满力量而富有无限张力的 c小调 第一主题(片段1)。悠长深情的第一主题在弦乐。单簧管不同声部依次出现,弥漫着浓郁明朗的俄罗斯音乐风格。 在中提琴的引导之下, 出现了由钢琴主奏的 降E大调 第二主题(片段2),这一主题充满了甜美的伤感,气息宽广,热情丰沛,被认为是“最有拉赫玛尼诺夫特色”的旋律之一。   

第二乐章 持续的慢板,肃穆而舒缓的三部曲式。开始的主题是从第一乐章抒情的副部主题派生来的,带有沉思的乐念,富有幻想、希望和生活的快乐,充满内在激情,与主部主题形成鲜明的对比(片段3)。   

第三乐章 诙谐的快板, C大调,2/2拍子,近乎于回旋曲。由弦乐的演奏告一段落之处,钢琴雄赳赳地奏出第一主题,并将此主题加以充分地发展。双簧管和中提琴绵绵地唱出了第二个主题(片段4),宽广如歌,抒情般从琴键中流淌,这与第一个主题形成了极明显的对比。两端主题音乐此起彼伏,最后汇成一首激情澎湃的宏伟赞歌。 乐章结尾,钢琴以强音对旋律加以装饰,并逐渐加快速度,最后在钢琴与全乐队合奏的强奏中结束全曲。   直至今日,这首著名的钢琴协奏曲仍有广泛的听众群。说明无论时代怎样前进,音乐如何发展,传统音乐的魅力依旧不减。
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walker123


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第2楼

2012-05-02 06:26:13

 
发表于: 2012-05-02 06:26:13
piano:Geza Anda
cond:Alceo Galliera
orch:Philharmonia Orchestra

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walker123


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第3楼

2013-05-19 11:26:58

 
发表于: 2013-05-19 11:26:58
Rachmaninov-Piano Concerto No.2 in C minor, Op.18(Sviatoslav Richter).

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walker123


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2013-05-19 12:13:59

 
发表于: 2013-05-19 12:13:59
.Rachmaninoff - Piano Concerto No. 2, Op. 18 I. Moderato (Rubinstein) .

Moderato, first movement from Piano Concerto No. 2, Op. 18

Chicago Symphony Orchestra
Fritz Reiner, conductor
Arthur Rubinstein, piano

The Piano Concerto No. 2 in C minor, Op. 18, is a concerto for piano and orchestra, composed by Sergei Rachmaninoff between the autumn of 1900 and April 1901. The second and third movements were first performed with the composer as soloist on 2 December 1900. The complete work was premiered, again with the composer as soloist, on 27 October 1901, with his cousin Alexander Siloti conducting. This piece is one of Rachmaninoff's most enduring popular pieces, and established his fame as a concerto composer. he opening movement begins with a series of bell-like tolling on the piano that build tension, eventually climaxing in the introduction of the main theme. In this first section, the orchestra carries the Russian-character melody while the piano makes an accompaniment made of arpeggios riddled with half steps. After the statement of the long first theme, a quicker transition follows until the more lyrical second theme, in E flat major, is presented. The agitated and unstable development borrows motives from both themes changing keys very often and giving the melody to different instruments while a new musical idea is slowly formed. The music builds in a huge climax as if the work was going to repeat the first bars of the work, but the recapitulation is going to be quite different. While the orchestra restates the first theme, the piano, that in the other occasion had an accompaniment role, now plays the march-like theme that had been halfway presented in the development, thus making a considerable readjustment in the exposition, as the main theme, played by the orchestra has become an accompaniment. This is followed by a piano solo, which leads into a descending chromatic passage and concluding with an eerie french horn solo. From here the last minutes of the movement are placid until drawn into the agitated coda, and the piece ends in C minor fortissimo.

Quotes from Max Harrison's "Rachmaninoff: Life, Works, Recordings" and Geoffrey Norris' "The Master Musicians: Rachmaninoff"

Sergei Rachmaninoff (1873 - 1943)

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walker123


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第5楼

2013-05-19 12:25:50

 
发表于: 2013-05-19 12:25:50
.Kissin - Rachmaninov Piano Concerto No. 2 in C minor, Op. 18 (full) .

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walker123


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第6楼

2013-05-19 12:30:05

 
发表于: 2013-05-19 12:30:05
Ashkenazy - Rachmaninov Piano Concerto No. 2 in C minor, Op. 18
The Piano Concerto No. 2 in C minor, Op. 18, is a concerto for piano and orchestra, composed by Sergei Rachmaninoff between the autumn of 1900 and April 1901. The second and third movements were first performed with the composer as soloist on 2 December 1900.[2] The complete work was premiered, again with the composer as soloist, on 27 October 1901, with his cousin Alexander Siloti conducting.

I. Moderato

The opening movement begins with a series of bell-like tollings on the piano that build tension, eventually climaxing in the introduction of the main theme. In this first section, the orchestra carries the Russian-character melody while the piano makes an accompaniment made of arpeggios riddled with half steps. After the statement of the long first theme, a quicker transition follows until the more lyrical second theme, in E flat major, is presented.

The agitated and unstable development borrows motives from both themes changing keys very often and giving the melody to different instruments while a new musical idea is slowly formed. The music builds in a huge climax as if the work was going to repeat the first bars of the work, but the recapitulation is going to be quite different.

While the orchestra restates the first theme, the piano, that in the other occasion had an accompaniment role, now plays the march-like theme that had been halfly presented in the development, thus making a considerable readjustment in the exposition, as the main theme, played by the orchestra has become an accompaniment. This is followed by a piano solo, which leads into a descending chromatic passage and concluding with an eerie french horn solo. From here the last minutes of the movement are placid until drawn into the agitated coda, and the piece ends in C minor fortissimo.

II. Adagio sostenuto

The second movement opens with a series of slow chords in the strings which modulate from the C minor of the previous movement to the E major of this movement. The piano enters, playing a simple arpeggiated figure. A flute then introduces the main theme. The motif is passed between the piano and other soloists before the music accelerates to a short climax centered on the piano. The original theme is repeated, and the music appears to die away, finishing with just the soloist in E major.

III. Allegro Scherzando

The last movement opens with a short orchestral introduction that modulates from E (the key of the previous movement) to C, before a piano solo leads to the statement of the agitated first theme. After the original fast tempo and musical drama ends, a lyrical theme is introduced by the oboe and violas. This second theme maintains the motif of the first movement's second theme. After a long period of development tension is built up considerably. Near the end, Rachmaninoff restates the second theme in loud, fortissimo orchestration. After this, a fast, ecstatic coda draws the piece to a close, ending in C major.

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walker123


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2013-05-19 13:34:16

 
发表于: 2013-05-19 13:34:16
Rachmaninoff plays Piano Concerto 2 Full .

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walker123


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2013-05-19 14:15:17

 
发表于: 2013-05-19 14:15:17
Nelson Freire

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walker123


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2013-05-20 14:22:30

 
发表于: 2013-05-20 14:22:30
Van Cliburn

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walker123


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2013-05-21 07:48:26

 
发表于: 2013-05-21 07:48:26
played by Zimerman, conducted by Ozawa

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walker123


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2013-05-21 08:03:17

 
发表于: 2013-05-21 08:03:17
ROYAL PHILHARMONIC ORCHESTRA - COND. JASCHA HORENSTEIN

A great but forgotten virtuoso; Earl "The Earl" Wild. Here he is in a superb performance of the Piano Concerto n. 2 op. 18 by S. Rachmaninov.

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walker123


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第12楼

2013-05-21 08:51:04

 
发表于: 2013-05-21 08:51:04
.Alexis Weissenberg - Rachmaninoff Piano Concerto No.2,

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walker123


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2013-05-21 09:52:16

 
发表于: 2013-05-21 09:52:16
Rachmaninov - Piano Concerto No.2 - Andre Watts - Zubin Metha .

Rachmaninov: Piano Concerto No.2 - Piano Andre Watts, Conductor: Zubin Metha New York Philharmonic Orchestra. André Watts (born June 20, 1946) is a classical pianist and professor at the Jacobs School of Music of Indiana University. Born in Nuremberg, Germany, Watts is the son of a Hungarian mother, Maria Alexandra Gusmits, a pianist, and an African American father, Herman Watts, a U.S. Army non-commissioned officer. Watts spent his early childhood in Europe, living mostly near army posts where his father was stationed. He began to study the violin when he was four. By six he decided the piano was his instrument. When André was eight years old, Herman's military assignment brought the family to the United States. They settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. His mother started him with his first lessons. Watts disliked practising. For encouragement, his mother would tell stories of the great pianist and composer Franz Liszt, making it clear that Liszt practiced faithfully. Watts found inspiration in Liszt, adopting his theatrical playing style. After the divorce of his parents in 1962, Watts remained with his mother, who supported the two, working as a secretary and later as a receptionist.
Watts enrolled at the Philadelphia Musical Academy (now a part of the University of the Arts), where he studied with Genia Robinor, Doris Bawden, and Clement Petrillo, graduating in June 1963. He entered his first competition at nine, with forty other children, for the opportunity to perform with the Philadelphia Orchestra Children's Concerts. Watts won the competition playing a concerto by Joseph Haydn.
At age ten, Watts performed Mendelssohn's G minor concerto with the Robin Hood Dell Orchestra and at fourteen, Franck's Symphonic Variations, again with the Philadelphia Orchestra. At sixteen, he auditioned at Carnegie Recital Hall.Watts' performance of the Liszt Piano Concerto No. 1 in E-flat at a Young People's Concert on January 12, 1963 was videotaped and nationally televised on CBS on January 15, 1963.[1] The pianist was accompanied by the New York Philharmonic, conducted by Leonard Bernstein. Before the concert, Bernstein introduced Watts to the national television audience, stating that he "flipped" when he first heard Watts play. On January 1, 1963, Bernstein asked Watts to fill in for the ailing Glenn Gould, the scheduled soloist for the New York Philharmonic's regular subscription concert.[2] Watts again played the Liszt E-flat Concerto. When he had sounded his final cadenza, the whole orchestra joined the audience in a standing ovation. Even the violinists put down their bows and applauded him. Watts' first LP The Exciting Debut of André Watts, was shortly thereafter released on Columbia Masterworks records, and included the Liszt Concerto with Bernstein and the Philharmonic. Following graduation, Watts enrolled at the Peabody Institute in Baltimore, Maryland where he studied part-time for a Bachelor of Music degree with pianist Leon Fleisher. The following year, he appeared at New York City's Lewisohn Stadium with conductor Seiji Ozawa, and the New York Philharmonic, performing Camille Saint-Saëns' Concerto No. 2 in G minor. In September 1963, he again performed the Liszt concerto at the Hollywood Bowl in Los Angeles. He opened the 1964-65 season of the National Symphony Orchestra in Washington, D.C., again performing the Saint-Saëns concerto. He returned to New York in January 1965 to perform Chopin's Concerto No. 2 in F minor. Watts made his European debut in a London performance with the London Symphony Orchestra in June 1966. By 1969 he was on a full-scale concert schedule, booked three years in advance. Watts made his Boston debut in 1969 for the Peabody Mason Concert series. He graduated from the Peabody Institute in 1972. In February 1973, Watts was selected as Musical America's Musician of the Month. Other honors and awards include doctor honoris causa from Albright College and Yale University, the Order of Zaire, and a University of the Arts Medal from the University of the Arts in Philadelphia. By the mid-1970s, Watts was giving 150 concerts, recitals, and chamber performances per season, performing about eight months out of the year. In 1976, at age thirty, he celebrated his tenth consecutive appearance in the Lincoln Center Great Performance Series at Avery Fisher Hall. The PBS Sunday afternoon telecast was the first solo recital presented on Live from Lincoln Center and the first full-length recital to be aired nationally in prime time. In November 2002, Watts suffered a subdural hematoma. He quickly recovered and resumed a full concert schedule. In 2004 Watts joined the faculty at Indiana University, where he holds the Jack I. and Dora B. Hamlin Endowed Chair in Music.

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walker123


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第14楼

2013-05-21 11:17:42

 
发表于: 2013-05-21 11:17:42
Lang Lang - Rachmaninov PC 2 .

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walker123


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2013-05-21 11:34:41

 
发表于: 2013-05-21 11:34:41
Serguei Rachmaninov

Concerto pour piano et orchestre no 2
en do mineur opus 18

Byron Janis

Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra
Antal Dorati

Enregistré en 1960

I- Moderato 00:00

II- Adagio sostenuto 10:10

III- Allegro scherzando 20:00

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